JavaScript if else Statement

if else statement in javascript

The JavaScript if else Statement is used to execute the code whether condition is true or false. There are three forms of if statements in javascript.

  1. If Statement
  2. If else statement
  3. and if else if statement

if statement

Very often when you write code, you want to perform different actions based on different conditions. You can do this by using conditional statements in your code. Use if to specify a block of code that will be executed if a specified condition is true.

if(expression){

//content to be evaluated

}

Flow chart


Let’s see the simple example:


<script>

var a=20;

if(a>10){

document.write("value of a is greater than 10");

}

</script>

If…else Statement

Use the else statement to specify a block of code that will execute if the condition is false.

if(expression){

//content to be evaluated if condition is true

}

else{

//content to be evaluated if condition is false

}

Let’s see the example of if-else statement in JavaScript to find out the even or odd number.


<script>

var a=20;

if(a%2==0){

document.write("a is even number");

}

else{

document.write("a is odd number");

}

</script>

If…else if statement

You can use the else if statement to specify a new condition if the first condition is false.

if(expression1){

//content to be evaluated if expression1 is true

}

else if(expression2){

//content to be evaluated if expression2 is true

}

else if(expression3){

//content to be evaluated if expression3 is true

}

else{

//content to be evaluated if no expression is true

}

Let’s see the simple example of if else if statement in javaScript.

<script>

var a=20;

if(a==10){

document.write("a is equal to 10");

}	

else if(a==15){

document.write("a is equal to 15");

}

else if(a==20){

document.write("a is equal to 20");

}

else{

document.write("a is not equal to 10, 15 or 20");

}

</script>

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