HTML Lists

List in html

HTML offers web authors three ways for specifying lists of information. All HTML Lists must contain one or more list elements. Lists may contain:

  • <ul> : This will list items using plain bullets.
  • <ol>: This will use different schemes of numbers to list your items.
  • <dl> : This arranges your items in the same way as they are arranged in a dictionary.

HTML Unordered Lists:

An unordered list is a collection of related items that have no special order or sequence. This list is created by using HTML <ul> tag. Each item in the list is marked with a bullet.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Unordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ul>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ul>
   </body>
</html>

The type Attribute:

You can use type attribute for <ul> tag to specify the type of bullet you like. By default, it is a disc. Following are the possible options :

  • <ul type = “square”>
  • <ul type = “disc”>
  • <ul type = “circle”>

Example:

Following is an example where we used <ul type = “square”>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Unordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ul type = “square”>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ul>
   </body>
</html>

Example:

Following is an example where we used <ul type = “disc”> :

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Unordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ul type = “disc”>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ul>
   </body>
</html>

HTML Ordered Lists:

If you are required to put your items in a numbered list instead of bulleted, then HTML ordered list will be used. This list is created by using <ol>tag. The numbering starts at one and is incremented by one for each successive ordered list element tagged with <li>.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Ordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ol>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ol>
   </body>
</html>

The type Attribute:

You can use type attribute for <ol> tag to specify the type of numbering you like. By default, it is a number. Following are the possible options :

  • <ol type = “1”> – Default-Case Numerals.
  • <ol type = “I”> – Upper-Case Numerals.
  • <ol type = “i”> – Lower-Case Numerals.
  • <ol type = “A”> – Upper-Case Letters.
  • <ol type = “a”> – Lower-Case Letters.

Example:

Following is an example where we used <ol type = “1”>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Ordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ol type = “1”>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ol>
   </body>
</html>

Example:

Following is an example where we used <ol type = “a”>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Ordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ol type = “a”>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ol>
   </body>
</html>

The start Attribute:

You can use start attribute for <ol> tag to specify the starting point of numbering you need. Following are the possible options :

  • <ol type = “1” start = “4”>    – Numerals starts with 4.
  • <ol type = “I” start = “4”>    – and this Numerals starts with IV.
  • <ol type = “i” start = “4”>    – Numerals starts with iv.
  • <ol type = “a” start = “4”>    – Letters starts with d.
  • <ol type = “A” start = “4”>    – Letters starts with D.

Example:

Following is an example where we used <ol type = “i” start = “4” >

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Ordered List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <ol type = “i” start = “4”>
         <li>Beetroot</li>
         <li>Ginger</li>
         <li>Potato</li>
         <li>Radish</li>
      </ol>
   </body>
</html>

HTML Definition Lists:

HTML and XHTML supports a list style which is called definition lists where entries are listed like in a dictionary or encyclopedia. The definition list is the ideal way to present a glossary, list of terms, or other name/value list.

Definition List makes use of following three tags.

♦ <dl> : Defines the start of the list

♦ <dt> : A term

♦ <dd> : Term definition

♦ </dl> :Defines the end of the list

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>HTML Definition List</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <dl>
         <dt><b>HTML</b></dt>
         <dd>This stands for Hyper Text Markup Language</dd>
         <dt><b>HTTP</b></dt>
         <dd>This stands for Hyper Text Transfer Protocol</dd>
      </dl>
   </body>
</html>

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